The air in the room reminds me of the beach and the gym, although m mom says, mostly, it smells like the gym. It has changed over time, and it is far from clean and organized, but it is the place that fits me perfectly. 5. Apostrophe-?Figure of speech that directly addresses or speaks to an abstract quality, a nonhuman, or an individual that is not present. Example: “Carpet, you have lost your comfort and cleanliness. I hear whispers of wood floors coming to replace you. ” 6. Hyperbole-?Figure of speech that uses exaggeration for effect. Example: My dad says he needs to bring in a bulldozer to plow through the piles of laundry on my floor. . Onomatopoeia-? Figure of speech in which the sound of the word corresponds to its meaning. Example: Shoving one more thing in my closet and rapidly closing the door, I hear several things go “Crash! ” and remind myself not to open the door again for a while. 8. Alliteration-?Repetition of initial consonant sounds. Example: I fear the mold that may be manifesting itself in the musty corners of my room. 9. Assonance-?Repetition of vowel sounds (short or long sounds) within words. Example: Take note of the long “e” sound used in the following lines. I close my eyes and pretend that I cannot see the dirt and dust looking back at me. . Consonance-?Repetition of consonant sounds at the end of words. Example: I Just may have bugs in the rugs. 1 1 . Understatement-?Figure of speech that makes something seem less important or serious to emphasize the opposite. Example: It will only take me two seconds to clean my room. Rhyme_ a correspondence of sounds, occurring typically at the ends of words. Rhyme scheme is described through the use of letters; for example, ABA would indicate that the first and fourth lines rhyme with each other and the second and third lines rhyme e with each other. Example: I must confess My room is a mess 13.
Rhythm-?The flow or “beat” of a poem or a passage; it can be slow, fast, or alternating, and it helps to create a mood. I must confess, My room is a mess. Parents and friends Would be aghast If they saw how fast I can shove my shirts And all of the dirt Under the bed. I am no neat freak That is for sure. But, surely, no one needs to know. Call it a charade, call it a show. I Just close the door, Pretending all is well And intentionally left Just so. 14. Free Verse-?A type of poetry that does not follow any specific rhyme scheme or stanza rules. Example: See poem in “Rhythm. ” See poem above 15. Stanza-?Division of lines in a poem.